It is the branch of dentistry that deals with the health of the gums surrounding the teeth and roots. It has become very popular in recent years because people have discovered that besides dental aesthetics, gums also directly affect this aesthetics. Periodontology includes dental calculus, gum operations, flap operations, papilla operations, deep curettage and implantology.
Especially when the gums appear too much when laughing (Gummy smile), the gingiva that we call more than 3 mm sagging causes a bad aesthetics. In recent years, gingivectomy and gingivoplasty procedure for this operation has become frequently applied and desired.
What is Dental Calculus? How Does Dental Calculus Cleaning Work?
Tartar (tartar, calculus) are hard structures formed as a result of the long-term residuality of the deposits we call bacterial plaque on the tooth surfaces.
Calcium and phosphate ions in saliva are effective in its formation.
These inorganic crystals precipitate on the uncleaned plaque and form hard structures on the tooth surface.
Oral hygiene should be observed in order to prevent the formation of tartar and it should be ensured that dental plaques are cleaned effectively.
Will Tartar Cleaning Harm My Teeth?
No, this process will not hurt as long as it is done properly.
Of course, it is necessary to clean the tartar without damaging the teeth and gums.
However, do not forget that the tartar and plaque on your teeth will damage your teeth and gums.
What is a Bacteria Plate?
Even a few minutes after brushing our teeth, a thin and transparent layer is formed and this is called biofilm.
As a result of bacterial invasion on this layer, a bacterial plaque (microbial dental plaque) is formed, which is the structure that actually damages our teeth.
Bacteria in plaque produce toxins (harmful substances). With toxins, the supporting periodontal tissues (fibers, etc.) surrounding the gums are destroyed and the tooth and gum move away from each other. Periodontal disease thus develops, and periodontal pockets become deeper unless they are treated and cleaned. This time, bacteria attach to the root surface covered with cement, which is more vulnerable than enamel, and the bone support of the tooth is also lost, and the tooth can be lost eventually by shaking.
By brushing our teeth, we interrupt the formation of this bacterial plaque and provide mechanical cleaning. In this way, we protect our teeth and gums by preventing bacteria from staying on our teeth for a long time.
How Are Healthy Gums?
firmly attached to the teeth,
pocket depth 0.5-1 mm,
like an orange peel,
painless, without swelling and redness,
It has a structure that does not bleed by itself or during brushing.
What are the Symptoms of Gum Disease?
When brushing or spontaneously bleeding,
Itching sensation, bad smell, receding gums
Root surfaces exposed
What Causes Gum Recession?
You have tartar,
Poor oral hygiene
Incompatible crowns and bridges
Incorrect tooth brushing
How Is Gum Recession Treated?
The reason for the current withdrawal must be found and eliminated.
Unfortunately, in severe recessions, it is not possible for the gums to return to their healthy state on their own.
However, in cases that cause serious problems (for example, if the root surfaces are exposed and the sensitivity is too high), first-stage treatments are applied and if necessary, surgery is started and soft tissue grafts can be used.
What Are Periodontal Diseases?
It is the beginning level of gum disease.
Gingivitis occurs in teeth that are not brushed for 7 days and a mouth that is not cleaned.
The general symptoms of the disease are red, swollen, bleeding gums.
Generally, discomfort such as pain and tingling are not observed at this stage.
There is no bone and attachment loss in the surrounding tissues of the tooth.
With the timely intervention of your dentist and paying attention to your oral hygiene, you can regain healthy gums.
If not treated, it will turn into periodontitis.
What is Periodontitis?
Unlike gingivitis, there is loss of periodontal tissues and bone, and it is now in an irreversible stage.
There are different types. Genetics, poor oral hygiene, some systemic diseases can affect the formation and development of periodontitis.
What is Aggressive Periodontitis?
The disease can progress rapidly and cause tooth loss. It may require medication along with gum treatment.
What is Chronic Periodontitis?
It is a picture with deep pockets and gingival recessions, usually observed over the age of 35.
It has a slower course, but may occur in situations where it develops rapidly.
What is Necrotizing Ulcerative Periodontitis?
There are necrotized inflamed areas in the gums and surrounding tissues.
It is generally observed in HIV-infected individuals.
Can My Teeth Be Extended Too Short?
If you are going to have restorations such as crown and bridge, crown lengthening can be done in order to obtain a more aesthetic appearance and to increase the surface area that these restorations will hold.
The implant to replace one or more missing teeth.A pillar must be installed on the implant once it has been inserted into the jawbone.
Smile aesthetics is a series of procedures that aim to bring lips, gums, teeth together in harmony with an aesthetic facial expression.
Bleeding in the gums for a day can be seen in the form of leakage and a sensitivity of hot-cold lasting for several days is normal.
is the specialty of dentistry that studies supporting structures of teeth, as well as diseases and conditions that affect them.
Detailed information about your oral health and jaw structure can be obtained with Panoramic X-ray. You can take panoramic X-rays from our clinic.
Lost teeth affect people’s lives negatively! At this point, prosthetic teeth come to our aid.
You Can Eat Something Light 1 Hour Before Surgery. Use the medicines prescribed by your physician regularly.
Diagnosis The Most Important Step! It is a branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of irregularities in teeth and jaws.